Le premier prix revient à Sergij Didukh, 32 ans, dont la première étude ne remonte qu’à 2003 !
PROBLEMAZ 2007 (studies)
Memorial Abdelwahed El Fassi Fihri
Par Ilham Aliev
I am grateful to the editorial staff and Chief Editor of ’Problemaz’ Abdelaziz Onkoud for entrusting me with the judgemanship of this tourney. I also thank I. Akobia (Georgia) for his advices regarding anticipations and soundness of the entries.
The tourney-2007 was held in memoriam of Abdelwahed El Fassi Fihri. 27 studies from 21 composers (Azerbaijan, Germany, Georgia, USA, Ukraine, France, Poland, Russia, Czech Republic, Italy, Hungary) were published in 2007.
First of all, about the entries that didn’t make it into the award :
17. Aleksandr Melnichuk (Russia) & A. Zhuk (Ukraine) : After the 2nd move we have a position from the Database. I have nothing against such studies. My concern is what the author has achieved. This study is publishable but not awardable due to its content.
18. Steven B. Dowd (USA) : Dull analytic play. Hardly a study.
20. Karman Shirazi (France) Incorrect 1...Qe3+ ! 2.Kxe3 fxe5= & Dual 7.Rc7.
22. Henryk Grudzinski (Poland). The composition is distinguished by the key sacrificing the Rook. But pity about a capture-key.
25. Siegfried Hornecker (Germany) Dual- 1.Re7 Bxa2 2.e6 Bc4 3.e5 Be2 (3...a5 4.bxa5 b4 5.Kc5 b3 6.Kxc4 Rb8 7.Rd7 b2 8.Rd1 b1Q 9.Rxb1 Rxb1 10.Kc5=) 4.Kc6 Bf3+ (4...Bh5 5.Kd6=) 5.Kd6 Bh5 6.Rc7=]
26. Siegfried Hornecker (Germany) - Critical moment 7...Qf3 ! 8.Nxc2 (8.Qxc2 h3–+) 8...h3 9.Kb2 h2 10.Qa1+ Kxf2 11.Qa7+ Kg3 12.Qg7+ Qg4 13.Qh6 Kg2 14.Qc6+ Kh3 15.Ne1 Qe2+ 16.Nc2 Qe5+ 17.Kc1 Qh5 and black should win. An attempt to correct it didn’t succeed : 7...h3 ! 8.Nxc2 h2 black wins.
27. Alain Pallier (France) - P-study without any subtleties.
28. Karman Shirazi (France) Duals 2.e6 dxe6 3.a5 Ke5 4.b5 Kxd5 5.bxa6 Kc6 6.Kf2 wins, 4.h5 gxh5 5.bxa6 Kc6 6.d4 e6 7.Kg2, 5.d4.
31. Vitaly Kovalenko (Russia) Dual 2.Kg3 ! a5 3.d3 a4, Dual 3.Kg3 ! a5 4.d3 a4 5.Kf2 Kg4 6.dxe4 Kh4 7.Kf3+-
33. Fazil Shukurov (Azerbaijan) A grotesque study with a nice combination, but too many technical pieces.
123. Olivier Pucher (France) - Anticipated 1) A.Blatter, H.Haefele (HHdbIII#47387, 1944), 2) A.Gurvitch (HHdbIII#54885, 1929).
124. Olivier Pucher (France) - Incorrect 1...Kg4 2.Qd4+ Kf5 3.Bd7+ Nxd7 4.Qxd7+ Ke4 5.Qe6+ Kd4 6.Qd6+ Kc4 7.Qc7+ Kd3 8.Qd6+ Ke2 9.Qe5+ Kd1 10.Qxa1 Rxg2+ 11.Kh1 Rc2 12.Qd4+ Nd2 13.Qg1+ Ke2 black wins.
125. Olivier Pucher (France) - Anticipated : 1) F.Dedrle (HHdbIII#57092, 1926), 2) H. Van Riemsdijk (HHdbIII#9464, 1993). 127. Evѕen Pavlovsky (Czechia) – The intention here was to add, to the well-known Pawn motifs, retro-play and releasing from a stalemate. But the retro-play has a flaw : also possible are 1…c6xb5 and 1…c5xb4 (besides 1...f4xg3). The play should have been started with 1.Bxb5.
128. Janos Mikitovics (Hungary) – A version of R. Reti’s classic study (HHdbIII#67041) with several moves added. The position is very difficult for analysing that leaves a not good impression about this beautiful R-study.
129. Dmitriy Pikhurov (Russia) – The author has corrected the study D.Pikhurov (HHdbIII#5671, 1998) but it is anticipated : E. Pogosjants (HHdbIII#27922, 1974).
130. Dmitriy Pikhurov (Russia) – Gorgiev did it better : T.Gorgiev (HHdbIII#38486, 1959).
131. Valeh Mammadov (Azerbaijan) A wKing’s and bQueen’s duel without any effects.
132. Marco Campioli (Italy) – The twins differ a little. Also it is anticipated : N.Grigoriev (HHdbIII#51507, 1936).
Here is my decision :
29. Sergij Didukh (Ukraine)
1.Kb7 g4 2.Kc8 !! Reminds of M. Liburkin’s beautiful P-study (HHdbIII#44117, 1950).
Only on the 13th move it becomes clear why 2.Kxc7 ? doesn’t work. 2...g3 3.Kxd7 g2 4.e6 fxe6 5.f6 ! g1Q 6.f7 Qf1 ! Other replies are weaker : 6...Qg8 7.fxg8Q+ Kxg8 8.Kxe6 ; 6...Qf2 7.Ke8 e5 8.dxe5 d4 9.e6 dxe3 10.e7. 7.Ke7 e5 ! 8.dxe5 d4 9.e6 (for transposition of the 9th and 10th moves) 9..d3 10.f8Q+ Qxf8+ 11.Kxf8 d2 12.e7 d1Q 13.e8Q What did the wK do on the 2nd move ?
It turns out that if not for the bPc7, stalemate motifs would let Black exchange the Queens : 13…Qd8 14.Kf7+ Qxe8+ 15.Kxe8 Kg8 16.Ke7 Kh8 17.Ke6 Kg8 18.Ke5 Kf7 19.Kxe4 Ke6 , with opposition and eventual draw. 13…Qd5 14.Ke7+ Qg8 15.Qb5 ! After 15.Qh5 ? Qg3 16.Qc5 Qd6+ ! we have a familiar draw. 15...c5 – in case the queen bites ?! 16.Qb2+ wins.
Anticipated trap avoidance in a P/Q study. It is good that the winner is a P-study that happens very rare.
126. Vitaly Kovalenko (Russia)
1.Rc7 Be2+ [1...Nc6 2.Kb6 Ne7 3.Ra7+ Kb8 4.Rb7+ Ka8 5.Ra7+=] 2.d3 ! [2.c4 ? Bxc4+ 3.Kb6 Ba6 ! 4.Kxa6 Rxc2 5.Rxc2 Nc4 ! 6.Bc6+ Kb8 7.Rxc4 Ra1+ 8.Ba4 b1Q–+] 2...Bxd3+ 3.c4 ! Bxc4+ 4.Kb6 Ba6 5.Kxa6 Rxc2 6.Rxc2 Nc4 [6...Nc6 7.Bxc6+ Kb8 8.Kb6] 7.Bc6+ ! Luring away the bK with the purpose of a stalemate sacrifice 7…Kb8 8.Rxc4 Ra1+ 9.Ba4 b1Q [main 9...Rxa4+ 10.Rxa4 b1Q 11.Rb4+ ! Qxb4 stalemate] 10.Rb4+ ! Qxb4 stalemate. Combination of two economical stalemates. Regardless of multiple captures this study, due to its rich content, leaves a good impression. Correction of the author’s cooked study (Schakend Nederland, HHdbIII#9443, 1993).
24. Richard Becker (USA)
1.Ng1+ [1.bxa3 ? Rxe2 2.Kg1 Rg2+–+ ; 1.Nf4+ ? Kg3 2.Nd3 Rxb5 (Also 2...Re2 3.Kg1 axb2) 3.Ba2 axb2–+] 1...Kg3 2.bxa3 Rh5+ 3.Nh3 Rxb5 4.Bb3 ! [4.Be6 ? Rb1+ 5.Ng1 Kf2–+] 4...Kxh3 5.Kg1 ! [5.a4 ? Rh5 6.Kg1 Kg3 7.f4 (7.Bc4 Rh4 8.Bb5 Rb4 9.Kf1 Kxf3 10.Ke1 Ke3 11.Kf1 Rb1+ 12.Kg2 Rb2 13.Bd3 Ra2–+) 7...Rh4 8.Kf1 (8.f5 Rf4 9.f6 Rxf6 10.Bc4 Rf2 11.c3 Rc2 12.Kf1 Rxc3 13.Bb5 Re3–+) 8...Kf3 9.Bd5+ Ke3 10.c4 Rxf4+ 11.Ke1 (11.Kg2 Kd4–+) 11...Kd3 12.Bg8 Re4+ 13.Kf1 Kd2 14.Bd5 Rf4+ 15.Kg2 Kc3–+] 5...Kg3 6.Kf1 Kxf3 [6...Re5 7.a4 ! a)7.Bc4 ? a4 8.f4 Kxf4 9.Kf2 Rc5 10.Bf7 Rxc2+ 11.Ke1 Rc7–+ ; b) 7.f4 ? Kxf4 8.Kf2 Re4 9.a4 Kg4 zz 10.c3 Kf4 zz 11.Bd1 (b)11.Bc2 Re3 12.Bg6 Rxc3 13.Ke2 Rc4–+) 11...Rc4 12.Bh5 Rxc3 13.Be8 Rf3+–+ ; 7...Kxf3 8.Bc4 Rc5 (8...Ke3 9.Bb5 Rf5+ 10.Kg1=) 9.Ba6 (9.Bb5 ? Rxb5 10.axb5 a4–+) 9...Rxc2 10.Ke1 Ke3 11.Kd1 Ra2 12.Bb5=] 7.Ke1 Ke3 8.Kd1 a4 9.Ba2 Rb2 10.Kc1 Rxa2 11.Kb1 Rxa3 12.Kb2 draw. The Domination theme. Nice Rook hunt with active enticement. Very active wK’s graphic motifs.
19. R. Becker & I. Akobia
1st honourable mention
1.Kb1 ! [1.Rxc3 ? Rxb5 2.Ka2 Kb7 3.Ka3 h5 4.Ka4 Rd5 5.Kb4 h4 6.Rc4 (6.Kc4 Kc6 7.Rh3 Kd6–+) 6...h3 7.Rh4 (7.Rc3 Rd4+–+) 7...Kc6 8.Rxh3 Kd6 9.Kc4 (9.Re3 Re5–+) 9...Ke5 10.Re3+ Kf4–+] 1...Rc5 2.Kc2 [2.b6 ? c2+ 3.Kc1 Kb7 4.Rb4 h5–+ ; 2.Kc1 ? Kb7 3.Kc2 Kb6 4.Rb4 h5–+] 2...Kb7 3.b6 [3.Rb1 ? Kb6 4.Rb4 h5–+] 3...Rc4 [3...h5 4.Rb4= (4.Rb1=) ; 3...f4 4.Rb4= (4.Rb1=) ] 4.Rb1 ! [Thematic try 4.Rb5 ? f4 zz WTM 5.Rb1 h5 6.Rh1 (6.Rb5 ? h4–+) 6...Kxb6 7.Rxh5 Kc6–+] 4...f4 5.Rb5 zz BTM 5...h5 6.Rxh5 Kxb6 7.Rh8 zz BTM [Thematic try 7.Rh3 ? Kb5 zz WTM 8.Rf3 (8.Rxc3 f3 9.Rxc4 Kxc4 10.Kd2 Kd4 11.Ke1 Ke3 12.Kf1 f2–+) 8...Kb4 zz WTM 9.Rd3 Kc5 zz WTM 10.Rd8 Rd4 11.Rf8 Kc4 12.Rc8+ Kd5 13.Kxc3 Re4 14.Kd2 Re3–+ ; 7.Rd5 ? Kc6 ! 8.Rd8 Kb5 9.Rh8 Kb4 10.Rh3 Rc5 11.Rd3 Rc6 12.Rd4+ Rc4 13.Rd3 Kc5 transposes ;; Thematic try 7.Rh7 ? Kc6 ! (7...Kb5 ? 8.Rh3 zz BTM = ;; 7...Kc5 ? 8.Kb3 ! Kd5 9.Rh5+ Kd4 10.Rh4 Kd5 11.Rh5+ positional draw) 8.Rh5 Kd6 9.Rf5 Ke6–+] 7...Kb5 [7...Kc7 8.Rh6=] 8.Rh3 zz BTM 8...Kb4 9.Rf3 zz BTM 9...Kc5 10.Rd3 zz BTM 10...Kb5 11.Rh3 [Thematic try 11.Rf3 Kb4 zz WTM –+] 11...Kb4 12.Rf3 Kc5 13.Rd3 positional draw. A R-study with mutual zugswang, thematic tries and positional draw and with rather not very nice play. Nice reworking of a position from the DB that arises after the 6th move.
23. Pietro Rossi (Italy)
2nd honourable mention
1.Be4+ ! [1.Qg2 ? Rh6+ ; 1.Nd4+ ? Rxd4+ 2.Be4+ Rxe4+] 1...Nxe4 [1...Kxd2 2.Bxf5 Nf3+ 3.Kg3 Nxh2 4.Kxf2 ; 1...Qxe4+ 2.Nxe4 Rh6+ 3.Kg3 Nxe4+] 2.Nd4+ ! Rxd4 3.Nf3+ [3.Nxe4+ ? Kb3 4.Qg3+ Nf3+ ; 3.Nb3+ ? Kc3 (3...Kxb3 4.Qb2+ Kxb2) 4.Qc2+ Kb4–+] 3...Kd3 [3...Kb1 4.Qc2+ Ka1 5.Qc1+ Ka2 6.Qc2+ Ka1 (6...Ka3 7.Qb3+ Kxb3 8.Nxd4+) 7.Qc1+ perpetual check ; 3...Kc3 4.Qc2+ Kb4 5.Qb2+= ; 3...Kb3 4.Nxd4+ ; 3...Rd2 4.Qxd2+ Nxd2 5.Nd4+] 4.Qe2+ ! [4.Qc2+ Ke3 5.Qe2+ Kf4 6.Qh2+ Ng3 (6...Kxf3 ? 7.Qg2+ (7.Qe2+) 7...Kxg2 Stalemate) ] 4...Kc3 [4...Kxe2 5.Nxd4+] 5.Qc2+ ! [5.Qe1+ Nd2+ ; 5.Qe3+ Rd3] 5...Kb4 [5...Kxc2 6.Nxd4+] 6.Qb2+ ! [6.Qb1+ ? Kc5 7.Qb5+ Kd6 8.Qb8+ Ke7 9.Qc7+ Kf6 10.Qb6+ Kg7 11.Qc7+ Kh6 12.Qc1+ Nd2+ ; 6.Qb3+ Kc5 7.Qb5+ Kd6] 6...Ka5 [6...Kc5 7.Qxd4+] 7.Qb5+ ! [7.Qa1+ Ra4 8.Qe1+ Nc3+ ; 7.Qa2+ Ra4 8.Qd5+ Nc5+] 7...Kxb5 8.Nxd4+ Kc4 9.Nxf5 draw.
Multiple Queen sacrifice based on a S-fork with King chasing has been done before (S.Kaminer- HHdbIII#52414, 1935 & V.Tikhonov- HHdbIII#49966, 1938). This one is merited in sacrifices of two pieces to create a battery, and also in being an Aristocrat.
32. Gerhard Josten (Germany)
3rd honourable mention
1.Nb3 Bxc6 2.d5 Bxd5 [2...Ba4 3.Rxb4 c2 4.Nc1 g5 5.Kf2 g4 6.Bg2 Bd7 7.Rc4 Bf5 8.Ke3 Kg7 9.Kf4 Kf6 10.Be4 Bxe4 11.Kxe4 Rd8 12.Rxc2 Rxd6 13.Rf2+] 3.Bc8 !! Bxb3 [3...Bxe4 4.d7 Kh7 5.d8Q ; 3...Rxc8 4.d7 Rd8 5.Re8+ Kh7 6.Rxd8 Bc6 7.Rh8+ ; 3...Ra7 4.Rxb4 Be6 5.Nd4 c2 6.Nxc2 Bxc8 7.Rb8 Rd7 8.Rxc8+ Kh7 9.Rc6] 4.Re8+ Kh7 5.Bf5+ g6 6.Rxa8 wins. The play should end here, for a dual 7.d7, after 6...gxf5 7.Rh8+ Kxh8 8.d7 c2 9.d8Q+ Kg7 10.Qg5+ Kf8 11.Kf1+-]. The award is given for Bc8 !! -beautiful move and three pieces under the threat of being captured !
21. Iuri Akobia (Georgia)
1.Bd2 (1.Rxc2 !? Nd3+ 2.Kc3 Nxe1=) 1...Nd3+
(1...h4 2.Rxc2 h3 3.Ne3 g2 4.Nf5 Kh1 5.Ng3+ Kh2 6.Ne2 g1Q 7.Bf4+ Kh1 8.Nxg1 Kxg1 9.Bd6 Ng4 10.Rc4 Ne3 11.Re4 Ng2 12.Rd4 Ne1 13.Rd1+-) 2.Kc3 c1Q+ 3.Bxc1 Nxc1 4.Rc2 (4.Ra1 ? g2=) 4...Ne2+ 5.Rxe2 h4 6.Ne5 ! (6.Nd2 !? h3 7.Nf3+ Kh1 8.Kd3 h2 9.Ke3 g2=) 6...h3 7.Nd3
(Thematic try 7.Nf3+ !? Kh1 8.Re1+ (8.Kd2 h2 9.Nh4 g2 10.Rxg2 stalemate) 8...Kg2 9.Nh4+ Kf2 10.Kd2 (10.Rh1 g2 11.Rh2 Kg3=) 10...g2 11.Re2+ Kg3= ; 7.Re1+ !? Kf2 8.Nd3+ Kf3=)
A) 7...g2 8.Re3 Kh2 (or 8...h2 9.Re1# ; 8...Kf1 9.Re1#) 9.Nf4 g1Q 10.Rxh3#
B) 7...h2 8.Re1+ Kg2 9.Nf4+ Kf2 10.Rh1 Kf3 11.Rf1+ Ke3 12.Kc2 !+- (Thematic try 12.Ng2+ !? Ke2 13.Rh1 Kf3 14.Nh4+ Kg4 15.Ng2 Kf3 16.Ne1+ Kg4 17.Ng2 Kf3=).
Nice study with models. But it lacks a point.
30. Janos Mikitovics (Hungary)
I slightly changed the play here by removing two introductory scuffle moves (4n3/b5q1/p2R4/8/3N4/8/1kPPPB2/2rQK2R w K - 0 1, 1.Rxa6 Bxd4 2.Bxd4+ Qxd4). Rude play, so it is not for an award. After an exchange the rest is analytic. It would have been much better if the castling were in the solution and not in the try.
The award is open for two months. All claims to : Mourad Métioui
Judge : Ilham Aliev (Sumgayit, Azerbaijan)
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org